Difference between revisions of "Influences and references"

From Ultronomicon
Jump to navigation Jump to search
 
(81 intermediate revisions by 31 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
{{incomplete}}
 
{{incomplete}}
  
The [[Star Control|Star Control 1]] manual mentions "Inspired by the Works of Fiction of: [[wikipedia:Orson Scott Card|Orson Scott Card]], [[wikipedia:Larry Niven|Larry Niven]], [[wikipedia:Andre Norton|Andre Norton]], [[wikipedia:David Brin|David Brin]], [[wikipedia:Robert A. Heinlein|Robert A. Heinlein]], [[wikipedia:Arthur C. Clarke|Arthur C. Clarke]], [[wikipedia:Jack Vance|Jack Vance]], [[wikipedia:Alan Dean Foster|Alan Dean Foster]], [[wikipedia:Keith Laumer|Keith Laumer]], [[wikipedia:A. E. Van Vogt|A.E. Van Vogt]], [[wikipedia:E. E. Smith|E.E. "Doc" Smith]], [[wikipedia:Joe Haldeman|Joe Haldeman]], [[wikipedia:Dan Simmons|Dan Simmons]], [[wikipedia:Fred Saberhagen|Fred Saberhagen]] and 100 worthy others."
+
The [[Star Control|Star Control 1]] manual mentions "Inspired by the Works of Fiction of: [[wikipedia:Orson Scott Card|Orson Scott Card]], [[wikipedia:Larry Niven|Larry Niven]], [[wikipedia:Andre Norton|Andre Norton]], [[wikipedia:David Brin|David Brin]], [[wikipedia:Robert A. Heinlein|Robert A. Heinlein]], [[wikipedia:Arthur C. Clarke|Arthur C. Clarke]], [[wikipedia:Jack Vance|Jack Vance]], [[wikipedia:Alan Dean Foster|Alan Dean Foster]], [[wikipedia:Keith Laumer|Keith Laumer]], [[wikipedia:A. E. Van Vogt|A.E. Van Vogt]], [[wikipedia:E. E. Smith|E.E. "Doc" Smith]], [[wikipedia:Joe Haldeman|Joe Haldeman]], [[wikipedia:Dan Simmons|Dan Simmons]], [[wikipedia:Fred Saberhagen|Fred Saberhagen]] and 100 worthy others."  
 
 
  
 
==Alien design==
 
==Alien design==
Line 8: Line 7:
  
 
The name [[Androsynth]] is taken from the Greek "andros" ("man") and "synthetic" from Greek "syn" ("together") and "thesis" ("put"), or as the [[Star Control II]] manual says it "fake men".
 
The name [[Androsynth]] is taken from the Greek "andros" ("man") and "synthetic" from Greek "syn" ("together") and "thesis" ("put"), or as the [[Star Control II]] manual says it "fake men".
 +
Their appearance is inspired by the visual style of the band [[wikipedia:Devo|Devo]].{{ref|1}}
  
The pink triangle on the suits of the Androsynth in [[SuperMelee]] is a [[wikipedia:Pink triangle|gay symbol]].{{fact}}
+
The pink triangle on the suits of the Androsynth in [[SuperMelee]] is a [[wikipedia:Pink triangle|gay symbol]].{{ref|2}}
  
 
The Star Control 2 manual describes the [[Chenjesu]] as being "a bit more equal" than the other [[Alliance]] races, which is a reference to a [[wikipedia:Seven Commandments|similar statement]] found in ''[[wikipedia:Animal Farm|Animal Farm]]'' by [[wikipedia:George Orwell|George Orwell]].
 
The Star Control 2 manual describes the [[Chenjesu]] as being "a bit more equal" than the other [[Alliance]] races, which is a reference to a [[wikipedia:Seven Commandments|similar statement]] found in ''[[wikipedia:Animal Farm|Animal Farm]]'' by [[wikipedia:George Orwell|George Orwell]].
 +
 +
The [[Dnyarri]]'s toad-like appearance and [[Paranormal phenomena|psychic compulsion]] ability are reminiscent of mind-controlling "V-frogs" from the Isaac Asimov story [[wikipedia:Lucky Starr and the Oceans of Venus|''Lucky Starr and the Oceans of Venus'']].
  
 
The name [[Druuge]] is pronounced almost exactly like the ancient Persian word "druj" - a term of [[wikipedia:Zoroastrianism|Zoroastrian religion]] that is very roughly translated as "daeva (demon) of lies". Since the Druuge are proven liars and resemble the [[wikipedia:Daeva|daevas]], which are described as "beings with combined human and animal characteristics," this may have been an influence.
 
The name [[Druuge]] is pronounced almost exactly like the ancient Persian word "druj" - a term of [[wikipedia:Zoroastrianism|Zoroastrian religion]] that is very roughly translated as "daeva (demon) of lies". Since the Druuge are proven liars and resemble the [[wikipedia:Daeva|daevas]], which are described as "beings with combined human and animal characteristics," this may have been an influence.
Line 21: Line 23:
 
The [[Mycon]] is taken from the Greek prefix "myc-" or "myco-", which means Fungus.
 
The [[Mycon]] is taken from the Greek prefix "myc-" or "myco-", which means Fungus.
  
The [[Orz]] and the disappearance of the [[Androsynth]] were influenced by [[wikipedia:H. P. Lovecraft|H. P. Lovecraft]]'s writings. <!--need more exact references-->.
+
The [[Orz]] and the disappearance of the [[Androsynth]] were influenced by [[wikipedia:H. P. Lovecraft|H. P. Lovecraft]]'s writings, specifically Lovecraft's [[wikipedia:From Beyond (short story)|"From Beyond"]] which describes malignant entities in an alternate dimension that perceive those who peer into their dimension and that leave no bodies of those they attack.
  
 
Utricularia, as in ''[[Supox]] Utricularia'', is a genus of carnivorous plants more commonly known as [[Wikipedia:Bladderwort|Bladderwort]].
 
Utricularia, as in ''[[Supox]] Utricularia'', is a genus of carnivorous plants more commonly known as [[Wikipedia:Bladderwort|Bladderwort]].
  
 
The [[Shofixti]] are inspired by the historical [[wikipedia:History of Japan|Japanese culture]].
 
The [[Shofixti]] are inspired by the historical [[wikipedia:History of Japan|Japanese culture]].
"[[Kyabetsu]]", the name of the former Shofixti homeworld, means "cabbage".  The tiny main gun of their [[Scout]] ships is called the Mendokusai Energy Dart; "Mendoukusai" in Japanese means "irritating; bothersome."
+
"[[Kyabetsu]]", the name of the former Shofixti homeworld, is the transliteration of "cabbage" into Japanese writing.  The tiny main gun of their [[Scout]] ships is called the Mendokusai Energy Dart; "Mendoukusai" in Japanese means "irritating; bothersome."
  
 
[[Spathi]] is "Sword" in Greek. It is possible that the name is meant to be very ironical, because the Spathi are so cowardly. Also, the rumours of the Black Spathi Squadron might be a reference to the [[Wikipedia:VMA-214|Black Sheep Squadron]] from World War 2.
 
[[Spathi]] is "Sword" in Greek. It is possible that the name is meant to be very ironical, because the Spathi are so cowardly. Also, the rumours of the Black Spathi Squadron might be a reference to the [[Wikipedia:VMA-214|Black Sheep Squadron]] from World War 2.
  
The [[Syreen]] are based on the [[wikipedia:Siren|Siren]]s from classical mythology. They were sea nymphs who would use enchanting song to lure ships onto the cliffs.
+
The [[Syreen]] are based on the [[wikipedia:Siren|Siren]]s from classical mythology. They were sea nymphs who would use enchanting song to lure ships onto the cliffs. The name for their original homeworld, [[Syra]] may also be a reference to [[wikipedia:Cleopatra I Syra|Cleopatra I Syra]], an Egyptian queen.
 +
 
 +
The [[Ur-Quan Kohr-Ah]]'s [[Eternal Doctrine]] might be inspired by the objective of the [[Wikipedia:Githyanki|githyanki]] (from ''[[wikipedia:Dungeons & Dragons|Dungeons & Dragons]]'') to exterminate every other race who could possibly enslave them again. Also similar to the bifurcation the [[Ur-Quan]] race, a faction (the [[Wikipedia:Githzerai|githzerai]]) opposed such a course of action and split with the githyanki.
  
 
The [[Yehat]] are inspired in part by the [[wikipedia:Scottish clan|Scottish clan]]s; the uplift of the Shofixti is inspired by [[Wikipedia:David Brin|David Brin]]'s [[Wikipedia:Uplift Universe|Uplift]] series.
 
The [[Yehat]] are inspired in part by the [[wikipedia:Scottish clan|Scottish clan]]s; the uplift of the Shofixti is inspired by [[Wikipedia:David Brin|David Brin]]'s [[Wikipedia:Uplift Universe|Uplift]] series.
 +
 +
The split between the Pkunk and the Yehat may be based in the split between the [[Wikipedia:Vulcan (Star Trek)|Vulcanians]] and the [[Wikipedia:Romulan|Romulans]] in [[Wikipedia:Star Trek|Star Trek]], with the Pkunk fleeing like the Romulans did (however, for opposite reasons).
  
 
===Larry Niven influences===
 
===Larry Niven influences===
A number of aliens draw some of their inspiration from Niven's [[wikipedia:Known Space|Known Space]] novels. Fred and Paul have openly admitted in a [[TFB chat protocols|1998 IRC chat]] to being influenced by these novels.{{ref|1}}
+
A number of aliens draw some of their inspiration from Niven's [[wikipedia:Known Space|Known Space]] novels. Fred and Paul have openly admitted in a [[IRC chats with Toys For Bob|1998 IRC chat]] to being influenced by these novels.{{ref|2}}
 
*The [[Dnyarri]] are very similar in description, powers, and history to the [[wikipedia:Thrint|Thrint]]un race, "a long-extinct species which ruled the galaxy through telepathic mind control." Like the [[wikipedia:Grogs|Grogs]], the Talking Pets are devolved forms of a once-great race.
 
*The [[Dnyarri]] are very similar in description, powers, and history to the [[wikipedia:Thrint|Thrint]]un race, "a long-extinct species which ruled the galaxy through telepathic mind control." Like the [[wikipedia:Grogs|Grogs]], the Talking Pets are devolved forms of a once-great race.
 
*The [[Precursors]] are also slightly similar to the Thrintun who likewise left behind relics to be used by the modern-day characters in Niven's novels and who were given a vague moniker, "Slavers", by later races since their real name was unknown.
 
*The [[Precursors]] are also slightly similar to the Thrintun who likewise left behind relics to be used by the modern-day characters in Niven's novels and who were given a vague moniker, "Slavers", by later races since their real name was unknown.
Line 45: Line 51:
  
 
===Starflight influences===
 
===Starflight influences===
The creators of [[Star Control]] and [[Star Control II]] worked in the making of the [[wikipedia:Starflight|Starflight]] games as well, and numerous SC elements are clearly inspired from the SF universe:
+
The creators of [[Star Control]] and [[Star Control II]] worked in the making of the [[wikipedia:Starflight|Starflight]] games as well, and numerous SC elements are inspired from the SF universe:
 
*Gameplay elements
 
*Gameplay elements
 
**Exploration in the Starflight games also had three parts: planet (with a landing vehicle that could stun lifeforms and collect minerals), interplanetary and hyperspace (with portals leading to planetary systems).
 
**Exploration in the Starflight games also had three parts: planet (with a landing vehicle that could stun lifeforms and collect minerals), interplanetary and hyperspace (with portals leading to planetary systems).
Line 53: Line 59:
 
*Several lines in Star Control II are clear puns on lines from Starflight and Starflight II. Notably, the quirky speech patterns of the [[Orz]] seem based on those of Starflight's Veloxi ([[Greg Johnson]], one of the Starflight developers, was the one who fleshed out the Orz dialogue).
 
*Several lines in Star Control II are clear puns on lines from Starflight and Starflight II. Notably, the quirky speech patterns of the [[Orz]] seem based on those of Starflight's Veloxi ([[Greg Johnson]], one of the Starflight developers, was the one who fleshed out the Orz dialogue).
 
*Starflight's Crystal Planet, built by the Ancients to cleanse the galaxy of Endurium-using life-forms by flaring their suns, seems an influence for both the [[Sa-Matra]] and the [[Eternal Doctrine]] (or the [[Path of Now and Forever]]).
 
*Starflight's Crystal Planet, built by the Ancients to cleanse the galaxy of Endurium-using life-forms by flaring their suns, seems an influence for both the [[Sa-Matra]] and the [[Eternal Doctrine]] (or the [[Path of Now and Forever]]).
*The Uhl, an extradimensional energy being that mind-controls alien races (such as the Leghk, Umanu or Lowar), might have been an influence for the Orz.
 
 
*The name [[Arilou Lalee'lay]] may originate from the Starflight II race name Aeoruiiaeo.
 
*The name [[Arilou Lalee'lay]] may originate from the Starflight II race name Aeoruiiaeo.
*Physically, the [[Umgah]] resemble the Spemin (both SF games). In terms of behavior, they are somewhat similar to the Teeelveee (SF2).
+
*In terms of external morphology, the [[Umgah]] resemble the Spemin (both SF games).
**The Spemin were probably also an influence for the design of the [[Spathi]], as both races are cowardly.
+
**The cowardly Spemin might have also been an influence for the design of the [[Spathi]].
*Culturally and psychologically, the [[Utwig]] resemble the Dweenle (SF2) - and, in a lesser degree, the Lieu Vadish (SF2).
+
*Psychologically and in terms of general appearance, the [[Utwig]] resemble the Dweenle (SF2).
**The [[VUX]] also appear to be influenced by the Lieu Vadish.
+
*The [[VUX]] appear to be influenced by the Lieu Vadish.
*The ceremonious nature of the Tandelou (SF2) was probably an influence for the design of the [[Utwig]]. Also, by returning the Most Valuable Thing to the Tandelou, the civil war among the Tandelou Eshvey and the Tandelou Eshvara ceases, just like by returning the Ultron to the Utwig, they cease being depressed; in addition, both artifacts are seemingly useless.
+
*The ceremonious religion of the Tandelou (SF2), the belief that their rituals are of essential importance for the Universe, and their worship of the Most Valuable Thing, might have been an influence for the design of the [[Utwig]]. Also, it is necessary to return the Most Valuable Thing to the Tandelou to convince them to cooperate, similar to returning the Ultron to the Utwig.
 
**Some elements of the Tandelou religion (cosmic alignments, portents and omens) are similar to parts of [[Pkunk]] culture.
 
**Some elements of the Tandelou religion (cosmic alignments, portents and omens) are similar to parts of [[Pkunk]] culture.
*The [[Supox]] greatly resemble the Elowan (SF1).
+
* The Tandelou's appearance is somewhat similar to the Ur-Quan too, three big eyes (although the Tandelou lack the three additional small eyes), four tentacles and a worm-like body. The Ur-Quan also somewhat resemble the Ng-Kher-Arla in appearance.
*The [[Mmrnmhrm]] resemble the Mechan (SF1).
+
*In terms of external morphology and psychology (empathy), the [[Supox]] greatly resemble the Elowan (SF1).
*Physically, the [[Mycon]] resemble the Nathracch (SF2). In terms of behavior, they resemble the Gazurtoid (both SF games).
+
*Hayes' theory about the [[Mmrnmhrm]] being colonizing robots resembles the fact that the Mechan of SF1 were robots built with the purpose of colonizing planets in advance for the Noah project.
*Psychologically and culturally the [[Thraddash]] resemble the G'Nunk (SF2); in order to make friends with both species it is necessary to kill many of them.
+
*Physically, the [[Mycon]] resemble the Nathracch (SF2). In terms of behavior, they resemble the Gazurtoid (both SF games), which also could be said perhaps for the Kohr-Ah (whereas the Gazurtoids wish to exterminate every race except fellow waterbreathers, the Kohr-Ah wish to exterminate any race but fellow Ur-Quan)
 +
*Psychologically and culturally the [[Thraddash]] resemble the G'Nunk (SF2); in addition, in order to make friends with both species it is necessary to kill many of them.
 
**Another similarity between the G'Nunk and the Thraddash is the worship of an artifact, the Most Valuable Thing and the [[Aqua Helix]] respectively, which is kept in a temple on one of the race's worlds and can be stolen by the player over the course of the game.
 
**Another similarity between the G'Nunk and the Thraddash is the worship of an artifact, the Most Valuable Thing and the [[Aqua Helix]] respectively, which is kept in a temple on one of the race's worlds and can be stolen by the player over the course of the game.
 +
**Some Thraddash given names are also reminiscent of "G'Nunk", such as Znonk and [[Gnusko]].
 +
*The Zoq-Fot-Pik also were likely influenced by the G'Nunk, as the G'Nunk are also a collective of three species.
 
*The [[Melnorme]] are possibly also inspired from the Humna Humna, the merchant race in Starflight II.
 
*The [[Melnorme]] are possibly also inspired from the Humna Humna, the merchant race in Starflight II.
 
*"Interstar" in "[[Interstar Credits]]" is probably inspired from the name of the space organization of the people of Arth, Interstel.
 
*"Interstar" in "[[Interstar Credits]]" is probably inspired from the name of the space organization of the people of Arth, Interstel.
 +
*The G'Nunk's deity G'Naen Sh'Gar (She/It who hunts) has some similarities to the Ilwraths Dogar and Kazon.
 +
* The Orz and the Uhl also have some similarities, as the Uhl is also an extradimensional lifeform. Uhl also has some similarities with the Dnyarri as it is capable of mental compulsion.
  
==Dialog==
+
==Dialogue==
The default name of [[The Captain]], Zelnick, may come from Strauss Zelnick, the CEO of [[Crystal Dynamics]] at the time of the 3DO version of Star Control II was being made. The producer of the 3DO version of Star Control II was Crystal Dynamics.
+
The default name of [[The Captain]], Zelnick, may come from Strauss Zelnick, the CEO of [[Crystal Dynamics]] at the time when 3DO version of Star Control II was being made. The producer of the 3DO version of Star Control II was Crystal Dynamics.
  
 
====Arilou====
 
====Arilou====
The [[Arilou]]'s final remark "Be seeing you..." may be a reference to the tv series [[wikipedia:The Prisoner|The Prisoner]].
+
The [[Arilou]]'s final line "Be seeing you..." may be a reference to the TV series [[wikipedia:The Prisoner|The Prisoner]].
 +
 
 +
====Druuge====
 +
The 'Dribble-Down' effect through which the [[Crimson Corporation]] seeks to improve the [[Druuge]] quality of life is a play on [[wikipedia:Trickle-down economics|Trickle-down economics]].
  
 
====Ilwrath====
 
====Ilwrath====
Line 80: Line 93:
 
[[wikipedia:Captain Satellite|Captain Satellite]], which the [[Ilwrath]] confess to have watched on [[Channel 44]] prior to [[Dogar and Kazon]]'s transmissions, was a show on KTVU-2 in Oakland, California.
 
[[wikipedia:Captain Satellite|Captain Satellite]], which the [[Ilwrath]] confess to have watched on [[Channel 44]] prior to [[Dogar and Kazon]]'s transmissions, was a show on KTVU-2 in Oakland, California.
  
 +
Dogar is at one point refered to as "The Dark Beast With A Thousand Young". This is a play on Lovecraft's ancient deity [[wikipedia:Shub-Niggurath|Shub-Niggurath]], who is known as "The Black Goat of the Woods with a Thousand Young".
 
====Melnorme====
 
====Melnorme====
The Melnorme line "This very morning, I was just saying to subordinate Ochre `Fe-Fi-Fo-Fum! I smell the feet of a Hu-Hu-Man!'" refers to the fairy tale [[Wikipedia:Jack and the Beanstalk|Jack and the Beanstalk]], where an ogre (a flesh-eating giant) speaks the line "Fee-fi-fo-fum, I smell the blood of an Englishman.". The similarity between the subordiate's name "Ochre" and "ogre" is probably not a coincidence either.
+
The Melnorme line "This very morning, I was just saying to subordinate Ochre `Fe-Fi-Fo-Fum! I smell the feet of a Hu-Hu-Man!'" refers to the fairy tale [[Wikipedia:Jack and the Beanstalk|Jack and the Beanstalk]], where an ogre (a flesh-eating giant) speaks the line "Fee-fi-fo-fum, I smell the blood of an Englishman.". The similarity between the subordinate's name "Ochre" and "ogre" is probably not a coincidence either.
  
 
The phrase "itchy pods" from the Melnorme line "I had itchy pods this morning, Captain, and here you are!" may come from the wives' tale of "itchy palms" that predict wealth. It may have also been influenced, consciously or unconsciously, by [[wikipedia:Dr. Seuss|Dr. Seuss]]' book "On Beyond Zebra", which introduces the letter "ITCH" with the line "And 'way, 'way past Z is a letter called ITCH. And the ITCH is for Itch-a-pods, animals which [...]".
 
The phrase "itchy pods" from the Melnorme line "I had itchy pods this morning, Captain, and here you are!" may come from the wives' tale of "itchy palms" that predict wealth. It may have also been influenced, consciously or unconsciously, by [[wikipedia:Dr. Seuss|Dr. Seuss]]' book "On Beyond Zebra", which introduces the letter "ITCH" with the line "And 'way, 'way past Z is a letter called ITCH. And the ITCH is for Itch-a-pods, animals which [...]".
Line 87: Line 101:
 
====Mycon====
 
====Mycon====
 
The Mycon phrase "The Juffo-Wup is strong in this place." (without the definite article in the DOS version) is a variation on the [[Wikipedia:Star Wars|Star Wars]] phrase "The Force is strong in this place."
 
The Mycon phrase "The Juffo-Wup is strong in this place." (without the definite article in the DOS version) is a variation on the [[Wikipedia:Star Wars|Star Wars]] phrase "The Force is strong in this place."
 +
 +
The Mycon's dialogue "You humans improve a tool and double your capabilities. We Mycon improve ourselves and increase a thousand-fold" may be a reference to one of Khan's speeches in ''Star Trek: The Original Series'' Season 1 Episode 22, "Space Seed": "Improve a mechanical device, and you may double productivity. But improve man, and you gain a thousand-fold".
  
 
====Pkunk====
 
====Pkunk====
 
[[The Captain]]'s remark to the [[Pkunk]] "Hey! Bird-brains! Got any fruit loops? Har-har-har!" refers to a brand of breakfast cereal called [[wikipedia:Froot Loops|Froot Loops]], which features a toucan resembling the Pkunk as its mascot.
 
[[The Captain]]'s remark to the [[Pkunk]] "Hey! Bird-brains! Got any fruit loops? Har-har-har!" refers to a brand of breakfast cereal called [[wikipedia:Froot Loops|Froot Loops]], which features a toucan resembling the Pkunk as its mascot.
 +
 +
Another Captain's remark, "We are on a five year mission, to seek out new life and new civilizations to boldly go where no... (...)" refers to the mission of the [[wikipedia:Starship_Enterprise|Enterprise]] in [[wikipedia:Star_Trek_The_Original_Series|Star Trek]].
  
 
The Pkunk say that they insult their foes to keep from "wrapping around" to evil; this is a programmer's joke about the nature of integers under the C programming language (and many others.)  If you increase a number past its maximum (for example, 127 in an 8-bit integer) it suddenly becomes negative (-128, in this example).
 
The Pkunk say that they insult their foes to keep from "wrapping around" to evil; this is a programmer's joke about the nature of integers under the C programming language (and many others.)  If you increase a number past its maximum (for example, 127 in an 8-bit integer) it suddenly becomes negative (-128, in this example).
Line 100: Line 118:
  
 
====Shofixti====
 
====Shofixti====
[[Tanaka]]'s opening comments, "you killed my father, my mother, my many brothers, all six of my sisters - in fact, my entire race! Prepare to die," may pay homage to the movie [[wikipedia:The Princess Bride|The Princess Bride]], in which the character [[wikipedia:Inigo Montoya|Inigo Montoya]] has prepared a similar comment for when he confronts his father's murderer, [[wikipedia:Count Rugen|Count Rugen]].
+
[[Tanaka]]'s opening comments, "you killed my father, my mother, my many brothers, all six of my sisters - in fact, my entire species! Prepare to die," may pay homage to the movie [[wikipedia:The Princess Bride|The Princess Bride]], in which the character [[wikipedia:Inigo Montoya|Inigo Montoya]] has prepared a similar comment for when he confronts his father's murderer, [[wikipedia:Count Rugen|Count Rugen]].
  
 
====Slylandro====
 
====Slylandro====
When you choose the aggressive lines to speak towards the [[Slylandro]] [[Probe]]s, the third time you get the response "ENACTING THIRD LAW." before combat is initiated. This refers to Isaac Asimov's [[wikipedia:Three Laws of Robotics|Three Laws of Robotics]]. The third law says "A robot must protect its own existence, as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.". The Probe's version must not have the first clause as the first law says "A robot may not harm a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.".  (Alternatively, its First Law applies to solely to its creator race, which grant humans and other sentients no special protection.)  Also the [[Slylandro]] will go "to seek out new life and new civilizations, to go where no catalog item 2418 Remote Self-replicating robot probe had gone before." when asked about the programming of the probes, a reference to Star Trek.
+
When you choose the aggressive lines to speak towards the [[Slylandro]] [[Probe]]s, the third time you get the response "ENACTING THIRD LAW." before combat is initiated. This refers to Isaac Asimov's [[wikipedia:Three Laws of Robotics|Three Laws of Robotics]]. The third law says "A robot must protect its own existence, as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.".
 +
 
 +
The [[Slylandro]] explain that the Probes were programmed "to seek out new life and new civilizations... to boldly go where no
 +
catalog item 2418-B... Remote Self-Replicating Robot Explorer Probe had gone before", a reference to Star Trek.
  
 
====Spathi====
 
====Spathi====
Line 121: Line 142:
 
*"broad swath of the ocean floor in the south-eastern Atlantic" - possibly [[Wikipedia:Atlantis|Atlantis]], or possibly the south Pacific, underwater city of [[Wikipedia:R'lyeh|R'lyeh]] where [[Wikipedia:Cthulhu|Cthulhu]] rests.
 
*"broad swath of the ocean floor in the south-eastern Atlantic" - possibly [[Wikipedia:Atlantis|Atlantis]], or possibly the south Pacific, underwater city of [[Wikipedia:R'lyeh|R'lyeh]] where [[Wikipedia:Cthulhu|Cthulhu]] rests.
  
The idea of a "[[psychon]]" present in Commander Hayes' statement that when an electric current is fed into the [[Taalo Shield]] "all evidence of psychon interaction is flatlined" probably originates from [[wikipedia:Sir John Eccles|Sir John Eccles]]' psychon theory, presented in his book "[[wikipedia:How the Self Controls Its Brain|How the Self Controls Its Brain]]".
+
The idea of a "[[psychon]]" present in Commander Hayes' statement that when an electric current is fed into the [[Taalo Shield]] "all evidence of psychon interaction is flatlined" possibly originates from [[wikipedia:Sir John Eccles|Sir John Eccles]]' theory, presented in his book "[[wikipedia:How the Self Controls Its Brain|How the Self Controls Its Brain]]". Psychons were also a currency in one of [[Paul Reiche III]]'s earlier games, ''Mail Order Monsters''.
 +
 
 +
The [[wikipedia:Roadside Picnic|Roadside Picnic]] might be the inspiration for the 'Empties'. In the novel they are one of the common alien artifacts found in the Zones. In the game they are a [[Precursor]] [[list of Precursor relics|artifact]] that Commander Hayes mentions in relation to the [[Ultron]].
 +
 
 +
The 'Singing Hoops', another Precursor artifact that Hayes mentions in relation to the Ultron, may have been inspired by the "talking rings" from the 1960 film, [[wikipedia:The Time Machine (1960 film)|The Time Machine]], that when spun retold the "last recorded voice of civilized man".
  
 
====Utwig====
 
====Utwig====
Line 133: Line 158:
  
 
The [[Chief Groo]]'s name may originate from [[wikipedia:Groo the Wanderer|Groo the Wanderer]]'s name.
 
The [[Chief Groo]]'s name may originate from [[wikipedia:Groo the Wanderer|Groo the Wanderer]]'s name.
 +
 +
The phrase "even the High Proctor gambols" in the Utwig outtakes may be a reference to [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Procter_%26_Gamble Procter & Gamble], an American consumer goods corporation.
  
 
====VUX====
 
====VUX====
Line 146: Line 173:
  
 
The coordinates "...ziggerfau-gerrrnuf, Ah-ah, Pahoy-hoy" of the Zoq-Fot-Pik homeworld given in their initial encounter refers to Hawaiian words for two types of [[Wikipedia:lava|lava]] flows, "Aa" and "Pahoehoe".
 
The coordinates "...ziggerfau-gerrrnuf, Ah-ah, Pahoy-hoy" of the Zoq-Fot-Pik homeworld given in their initial encounter refers to Hawaiian words for two types of [[Wikipedia:lava|lava]] flows, "Aa" and "Pahoehoe".
 +
 +
At one point, the Zoq claims its species has psychic powers. The Pik scoffs at this claim, mentioning several apparently failed attempts at psychic demonstrations such as fixing broken chronometers and bending dorfs, eventually calling the Zoq a faker. This conversation is likely a reference to [[wikipedia:Uri Geller|Uri Geller]], who also claimed to use mental powers to make stopped watches start and to bend spoons.
  
 
====Other====
 
====Other====
The Mosquito Mange is mentioned in the [[Androsynth]] computer records immediately prior to their disappearance.  It is a reference to the term found in [[wikipedia:Roadside Picnic|Roadside Picnic]] refering to graviconcentrates - areas of heightened and directed gravity.
+
The Mosquito Mange is mentioned in the [[Androsynth]] computer records immediately prior to their disappearance.  It is a reference to the term found in Roadside Picnic referring to graviconcentrates - areas of heightened and directed gravity.
  
The ''Roadside Picnic'' might also be the inspiration for the 'Empties'. In the novel they are one of the common alien artifacts found in the Zones. In the game they are a [[Precursor]] artifact that Commander Hayes mentions in relation to the [[Ultron]].
+
Deep radar or deep-radar, mentioned by Commander Hayes and the Star Control II manual, p. 39 (PC), is likely a reference to the homologous device from Larry Niven's Known Space universe. In addition, the deep-radar from Star Control can apparently penetrate massive bodies (just like Niven's one), as it is used to detect mineral deposits.
  
 
==Ship Captains==
 
==Ship Captains==
Numerous ship captain names are actually references.
+
Numerous [[list of ship captain names|ship captain names]] are actually references.
  
 
====Androsynth====
 
====Androsynth====
Line 163: Line 192:
 
*'''BOOJI-1''' is a possible reference to the character [[wikipedia:Booji Boy|Booji Boy]] from the band [[wikipedia:Devo|Devo]].
 
*'''BOOJI-1''' is a possible reference to the character [[wikipedia:Booji Boy|Booji Boy]] from the band [[wikipedia:Devo|Devo]].
 
*'''CRC-16''' is a 16 bits "[[wikipedia:Cyclic redundancy check|Cyclic redundancy check]] (an error-detecting checksum).
 
*'''CRC-16''' is a 16 bits "[[wikipedia:Cyclic redundancy check|Cyclic redundancy check]] (an error-detecting checksum).
*'''DORN-3''' may be a reference to artist John Alfred Dorn III, who did several illustrations for the novels of [[wikipedia:Stanisław Lem|Stanisław Lem]]. It could also be a reference [[wikipedia:Michael Dorn|Michael Dorn]] who played Lt. Worf on Star Trek: The Next Generation.
+
*'''DORN-3''' may be a reference to artist John Alfred Dorn III, who did several illustrations for the novels of [[wikipedia:Stanisław Lem|Stanisław Lem]]. It could also be a reference to actor [[wikipedia:Michael Dorn|Michael Dorn]], who played Lt. Worf on ''[[Wikipedia:Star Trek: The Next Generation|Star Trek: The Next Generation]]''.
 
*'''DOS-1.0''' is a reference to one or all of the various early disk operating systems ([[wikipedia:PC-DIS|PC-DOS]], [[wikipedia:MS-DOS|MS-DOS]], [[wikipedia:Apple DOS|Apple DOS]], etc).
 
*'''DOS-1.0''' is a reference to one or all of the various early disk operating systems ([[wikipedia:PC-DIS|PC-DOS]], [[wikipedia:MS-DOS|MS-DOS]], [[wikipedia:Apple DOS|Apple DOS]], etc).
 
*'''HAL-2001''' is a reference to the [[wikipedia:HAL 9000|HAL 9000]] computer from [[wikipedia:Arthur C. Clarke|Arthur C. Clarke]]'s and [[wikipedia:Stanley Kubrick|Stanley Kubrick]]'s [[wikipedia:2001: A Space Odyssey|2001: A Space Odyssey]]
 
*'''HAL-2001''' is a reference to the [[wikipedia:HAL 9000|HAL 9000]] computer from [[wikipedia:Arthur C. Clarke|Arthur C. Clarke]]'s and [[wikipedia:Stanley Kubrick|Stanley Kubrick]]'s [[wikipedia:2001: A Space Odyssey|2001: A Space Odyssey]]
Line 198: Line 227:
 
====Ilwrath====
 
====Ilwrath====
 
*'''[[wikipedia:Gorgon|Gorgon]]''' is a famous Greek mythological creature, of which [[wikipedia:Medusa|Medusa]] was one.
 
*'''[[wikipedia:Gorgon|Gorgon]]''' is a famous Greek mythological creature, of which [[wikipedia:Medusa|Medusa]] was one.
*'''Kalgon''' might refer to [[wikipedia:Calgon|Calgon]], a cleansing product.
+
*'''Kalgon''' might refer to [[wikipedia:Calgon|Calgon]], a cleansing product. It may also refer to the villain of the notoriously bad 1988 film [[wikipedia:Space_Mutiny|Space Mutiny]].
 
*'''Taragon''' likely refers to the spice [[wikipedia:tarragon|tarragon]]
 
*'''Taragon''' likely refers to the spice [[wikipedia:tarragon|tarragon]]
*'''[[wikipedia:Baylor University|Baylor]]''' is a university in Waco, Texas.
+
*'''[[wikipedia:Baylor University|Baylor]]''' is a university in Waco, Texas.  It may instead refer to [[wikipedia:Balor|Balor]], a giant king with an evil eye from Irish mythology.
  
 
====Kohr-Ah====
 
====Kohr-Ah====
Line 214: Line 243:
 
*'''Tweety''' is likely a reference to [[wikipedia:Tweety|Tweety Bird]].
 
*'''Tweety''' is likely a reference to [[wikipedia:Tweety|Tweety Bird]].
 
*'''WudStok''' is Snoopy's friend [[wikipedia:Woodstock (Peanuts)|Woodstock]] in the comic strip [[wikipedia:Peanuts|Peanuts]].
 
*'''WudStok''' is Snoopy's friend [[wikipedia:Woodstock (Peanuts)|Woodstock]] in the comic strip [[wikipedia:Peanuts|Peanuts]].
 +
*'''Jay''' and '''Raven''' refer to the [[wikipedia:Corvidae|corvids]] of the same name.
 +
*'''Buzzard''' refers to the [[wikipedia:buzzard|birds of prey]] of the same name.
  
 
====Shofixti====
 
====Shofixti====
Line 230: Line 261:
 
*'''Naninani''' is Japanese for "such and such"
 
*'''Naninani''' is Japanese for "such and such"
 
*'''[[wikipedia:Sushi|Sushi]]''' is Japanese for seasoned rice, usually associated with raw fish.
 
*'''[[wikipedia:Sushi|Sushi]]''' is Japanese for seasoned rice, usually associated with raw fish.
*'''Tanaka''' is a fairly common [[wikipedia:Japanese name|Japanese surname]].
+
*'''Tanaka''' is a fairly common [[wikipedia:Japanese name|Japanese surname]] and may also be a reference to the creator of the [[wikipedia:Godzilla|Godzilla]] series, [[wikipedia:Tomoyuki Tanaka|Tomoyuki Tanaka]].
 
*'''[[wikipedia:Tofu|Tofu]]''' is bean curd, popular in Japanese cooking.
 
*'''[[wikipedia:Tofu|Tofu]]''' is bean curd, popular in Japanese cooking.
 
*'''Tora-3''' refers to the radio call announcing the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. [[wikipedia:Tora Tora Tora|Tora! Tora! Tora!]]
 
*'''Tora-3''' refers to the radio call announcing the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. [[wikipedia:Tora Tora Tora|Tora! Tora! Tora!]]
Line 239: Line 270:
  
 
====Supox====
 
====Supox====
*'''Crinoid''' is a reference to the Krynoids, hostile sentient plants in the [[wikipedia:Doctor Who|Doctor Who]] episode ''The Seeds of Doom''.
+
*'''Crinoid''' is a reference to the Krynoids, hostile sentient plants in the [[wikipedia:Doctor Who|Doctor Who]] episode ''The Seeds of Doom''. In real life [[wikipedia:Crinoid|crinoids]] are animals of the phylum Echinodermata whose name literally means "lily-like".
 
*'''Trifid''' is a reference to the carnivorous, mobile (and possibly intelligent) plants in [[wikipedia:The Day of the Triffids|The Day of the Triffids]].
 
*'''Trifid''' is a reference to the carnivorous, mobile (and possibly intelligent) plants in [[wikipedia:The Day of the Triffids|The Day of the Triffids]].
 
*All of the other captain names are parts or types of plants.
 
*All of the other captain names are parts or types of plants.
Line 253: Line 284:
 
*'''Danning''' is a reference to the actress [[wikipedia:Sybil Danning|Sybil Danning]].
 
*'''Danning''' is a reference to the actress [[wikipedia:Sybil Danning|Sybil Danning]].
 
*'''Dejah''' may be a reference to Dejah Thoris Burroughs (Deety) in Robert A. Heinlein's [[wikipedia:The Number of the Beast (novel)|The Number of the Beast]], or to Dejah Thoris, Princess of Helium, in the [[wikipedia:Barsoom series|Barsoom series]] by [[wikipedia:Edgar Rice Burroughs|Edgar Rice Burroughs]].
 
*'''Dejah''' may be a reference to Dejah Thoris Burroughs (Deety) in Robert A. Heinlein's [[wikipedia:The Number of the Beast (novel)|The Number of the Beast]], or to Dejah Thoris, Princess of Helium, in the [[wikipedia:Barsoom series|Barsoom series]] by [[wikipedia:Edgar Rice Burroughs|Edgar Rice Burroughs]].
*'''Maya''' refers to the attractive female [[wikipedia:Space 1999|Space: 1999]] character gifted with shapeshifing abilties.
+
*'''Maya''' refers to the attractive female [[wikipedia:Space 1999|Space: 1999]] character gifted with shapeshifing abilities, or possibly to [[wikipedia:Captain_Harlock|Captain Harlock]]'s ward (in [[wikipedia:Space_Pirate_Captain_Harlock|Space Pirate Captain Harlock]]) or love interest (in [[wikipedia:Arcadia_of_My_Youth|Arcadia of My Youth]]).
 
*'''Munro''' possibly refers to another genre actress, [[wikipedia:Caroline Munro|Caroline Munro]].
 
*'''Munro''' possibly refers to another genre actress, [[wikipedia:Caroline Munro|Caroline Munro]].
 
*'''Penny''' possibly refers to the lead female character in the movie [[wikipedia:The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai Across the 8th Dimension|The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai Across the 8th Dimension]], or the character of Penny Robinson in the television show Lost in Space.  
 
*'''Penny''' possibly refers to the lead female character in the movie [[wikipedia:The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai Across the 8th Dimension|The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai Across the 8th Dimension]], or the character of Penny Robinson in the television show Lost in Space.  
Line 268: Line 299:
 
====Ur-Quan====
 
====Ur-Quan====
 
*While all captain's names are '''Lord''' followed by a number, '''Lord 666''' is notable as a  reference to the [[wikipedia:Number of the Beast|Number of the Beast]].  There is no known pattern to their numbers, unlike the Kohr-Ah.
 
*While all captain's names are '''Lord''' followed by a number, '''Lord 666''' is notable as a  reference to the [[wikipedia:Number of the Beast|Number of the Beast]].  There is no known pattern to their numbers, unlike the Kohr-Ah.
 +
*[[Paul Reiche III]] said the following about the race's name: "They're an old alien race, so let's use the word Ur, which means old in some ancient language, and Quan, just 'cause it sounds cool".[https://cdn.arstechnica.net/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/starcon_2_transcript.txt] He was likely referring to the German prefix ''ur-'', which means "original, primordial".
  
 
====Utwig====
 
====Utwig====
 
*'''Endo''' might refer to a slang word for [[Wikipedia:marijuana|marijuana]]. In Japanese, this is also type of pea.
 
*'''Endo''' might refer to a slang word for [[Wikipedia:marijuana|marijuana]]. In Japanese, this is also type of pea.
 
*'''Manny''' might refer to the main character in [[wikipedia:Robert A. Heinlein|Robert A. Heinlein]]'s book [[wikipedia:the Moon Is a Harsh Mistress|The Moon Is A Harsh Mistress]].
 
*'''Manny''' might refer to the main character in [[wikipedia:Robert A. Heinlein|Robert A. Heinlein]]'s book [[wikipedia:the Moon Is a Harsh Mistress|The Moon Is A Harsh Mistress]].
*'''Nestor''' might refer to the [[Wikipedia:NS-2|NS-2]], a robot model in Asimov's "[[Wikipedia:Little Lost Robot|Little Lost Robot]]" that can, by inaction, allow a human to be harmed.
+
*'''Nestor''' might refer to the [[Wikipedia:NS-2|NS-2]], a robot model in Asimov's "[[Wikipedia:Little Lost Robot|Little Lost Robot]]" that can, by inaction, allow a human to be harmed. It is also an actual human name of Greek origin.
 
*'''Jujuby''' might be an alternate spelling of '[[Wikipedia:Jujube|Jujube]]', which is the fruit of a certain tree, also known as the "Chinese Date".
 
*'''Jujuby''' might be an alternate spelling of '[[Wikipedia:Jujube|Jujube]]', which is the fruit of a certain tree, also known as the "Chinese Date".
  
Line 286: Line 318:
 
*All the rest of their captains' names simply change the first letter.
 
*All the rest of their captains' names simply change the first letter.
  
====Zoq Fot Pik====
+
====Zoq-Fot-Pik====
 
*'''RinTin''' is likely named after the famous movie dog [[wikipedia:Rin Tin Tin|Rin Tin Tin]].
 
*'''RinTin''' is likely named after the famous movie dog [[wikipedia:Rin Tin Tin|Rin Tin Tin]].
 
*'''TikTak''' is likely a reference to the [[wikipedia:Tic Tac (candy)|Tic Tac]] breath mints or to the children's game [[wikipedia:Tic-tac-toe|Tic-tac-toe]].
 
*'''TikTak''' is likely a reference to the [[wikipedia:Tic Tac (candy)|Tic Tac]] breath mints or to the children's game [[wikipedia:Tic-tac-toe|Tic-tac-toe]].
 +
*'''TikTok''' may be a reference to the [[wikipedia:Tik-Tok|character of the same name]] from the Land of Oz series.
  
 
==Ship Designs==
 
==Ship Designs==
Line 298: Line 331:
 
*The '''[[Ur-Quan Kzer-Za|Ur-Quan]] [[Dreadnought]]''' seems to be inspired by the [[wikipedia:Battlestar Galactica (ship)|Battlestar command ships]] from Battlestar Galactica.
 
*The '''[[Ur-Quan Kzer-Za|Ur-Quan]] [[Dreadnought]]''' seems to be inspired by the [[wikipedia:Battlestar Galactica (ship)|Battlestar command ships]] from Battlestar Galactica.
 
*The '''[[VUX]] [[Intruder]]''' looks very similar to the D7 class Klingon starship.
 
*The '''[[VUX]] [[Intruder]]''' looks very similar to the D7 class Klingon starship.
*The '''[[Chmmr]] [[Avatar]]''' looks similar to [[wikipedia:Vic Viper|Vic Viper]] of the [[wikipedia:Gradius series|Gradius series]] (the ZapSats may replace the option pods). The ZapSats also strongly resemble the Uhl Weapon from StarFlight II, though it did not have the two mouse-like ears.
+
*The '''[[Chmmr]] [[Avatar]]''' looks similar to [[wikipedia:Vic Viper|Vic Viper]] of the [[wikipedia:Gradius series|Gradius series]] (the ZapSats may replace the option pods). The ZapSats also strongly resemble the Uhl Weapon from Starflight II, though it did not have the two mouse-like ears.
  
 
==Star and constellation names==
 
==Star and constellation names==
Line 314: Line 347:
 
*'''Kepler''' is a reference to [[Wikipedia:Johannes Kepler|Johannes Kepler]] who discovered the three laws of planetary motion.
 
*'''Kepler''' is a reference to [[Wikipedia:Johannes Kepler|Johannes Kepler]] who discovered the three laws of planetary motion.
 
*'''Klystron''' is a reference to a kind of vacuum tube used in early radar systems.
 
*'''Klystron''' is a reference to a kind of vacuum tube used in early radar systems.
 +
*'''Lalande''' is a reference to the french astronomer [[wikipedia:Jérôme_Lalande|Jérôme Lalande]].
 
*'''Lentilis''' is probably a reference to the Lentili from David Brin's short story [[Wikipedia:Sshhh ...|Sshhh ...]].
 
*'''Lentilis''' is probably a reference to the Lentili from David Brin's short story [[Wikipedia:Sshhh ...|Sshhh ...]].
 
*'''Lipi''' is possibly a misspelling of "[[wikipedia:Lupus (constellation)|Lupus]]", an existing constellation.
 
*'''Lipi''' is possibly a misspelling of "[[wikipedia:Lupus (constellation)|Lupus]]", an existing constellation.
Line 326: Line 360:
 
*'''Squidi'''  
 
*'''Squidi'''  
 
*'''Vitalis'''  
 
*'''Vitalis'''  
 +
*'''Wolf''' is a possible reference to the german astronomer [[Wikipedia:Max_Wolf|Max Wolf]].
 
*'''Zeeman''' is possibly a reference to the physicist [[Wikipedia:Pieter Zeeman|Pieter Zeeman]] for whom a [[Wikipedia:Zeeman (crater)|crater]] on the moon is named.
 
*'''Zeeman''' is possibly a reference to the physicist [[Wikipedia:Pieter Zeeman|Pieter Zeeman]] for whom a [[Wikipedia:Zeeman (crater)|crater]] on the moon is named.
  
Line 338: Line 373:
  
 
*The Pkunk Fury tactic of rotating while firing in all directions is refered to in the Star Control II manual as '''Death Blossom'''; this term originates from the movie [[wikipedia:The Last Starfighter|The Last Starfighter]] where it is used to describe a similar manoeuvre.
 
*The Pkunk Fury tactic of rotating while firing in all directions is refered to in the Star Control II manual as '''Death Blossom'''; this term originates from the movie [[wikipedia:The Last Starfighter|The Last Starfighter]] where it is used to describe a similar manoeuvre.
 +
 +
*Talana's uniform is near-identical to Princess Leia's slave outfit from [[wikipedia:Star_Wars_Episode_VI:_Return_of_the_Jedi|The Return of the Jedi]].
 +
 +
*Shiva Furnaces were probably named after the Hindu God of Destruction [[wikipedia:Shiva|Shiva]].
 +
 +
*Hellbore Cannons are a reference to Keith Laumer's [[wikipedia:Bolo_%28tank%29#Bolo_offensive_systems|Bolos]] or perhaps the weapons used by the Hydrans in the game [[wikipedia:Star_Fleet_Universe|Star Fleet Battles]].
 +
 +
*Star Control II shares a few plot elements with [[wikipedia:C. C. MacApp|C. C. MacApp]]'s "Recall Not Earth", such as a defeated Earth, a unique giant starship in the hands of a human captain, and the quest for a race's last females.
 +
 +
*Star Control II starts on February 17, 2155, and the [[Kohr-Ah]] win the [[Second Doctrinal War]] on February 17, 2159 or 2160. February 17 is [[Paul Reiche III]]'s birthday.
  
 
==Notes and references==
 
==Notes and references==
{{note|1}}{{IRC1998}}
+
{{note|1}}''From part two of Matt Barton's [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MuLGjRuaCC4 video interview] with [[Paul Reiche III]] and [[Fred Ford]]:
 +
::In general, we would create a ship through illustrations, and usually through paper illustrations, and then implement powers that made sense for it and that were cool and then afterwards, we'd sort of backwards think about "Now, who's flying this ship?", you know, "This ship sort of has this odd, robotic kind of pop look to it, so maybe like someone who looks like Devo is flying it." And so the Androsynth evolved out of this strange like "Wouldn't it be cool if Devo was flying spaceships.".
 +
{{note|2}}[[Paul Reiche III]] explained the connection between the Androsynth and his own "friendships with openly gay folks" in an [http://uqm.stack.nl/forum/index.php?topic=2719.msg34333#msg34333 email exchange with a fan].
 +
{{note|3}}{{IRC1998}}
 
::<Manta> Fwiffo: Has anyone ever brought up parallels between Babylon 5 and Star Control?<br>
 
::<Manta> Fwiffo: Has anyone ever brought up parallels between Babylon 5 and Star Control?<br>
 
::<Fwiffo> Babylon 5 causes a certain amount of stomping around the office screaming.<br>
 
::<Fwiffo> Babylon 5 causes a certain amount of stomping around the office screaming.<br>
Line 346: Line 394:
 
::<Fwiffo> And Larry in known space steals from others.
 
::<Fwiffo> And Larry in known space steals from others.
  
 +
==See Also==
 +
*[[References to Star Control in other works]]
  
 
[[Category:About the Star Control series]]
 
[[Category:About the Star Control series]]
 
[[Category:Trivia]]
 
[[Category:Trivia]]

Latest revision as of 04:04, 9 November 2019

This page is currently incomplete. We encourage you to edit and expand it.

The Star Control 1 manual mentions "Inspired by the Works of Fiction of: Orson Scott Card, Larry Niven, Andre Norton, David Brin, Robert A. Heinlein, Arthur C. Clarke, Jack Vance, Alan Dean Foster, Keith Laumer, A.E. Van Vogt, E.E. "Doc" Smith, Joe Haldeman, Dan Simmons, Fred Saberhagen and 100 worthy others."

Alien design[edit]

The names of certain races introduced in Star Control II are taken from the so-called "Professor Zorg's Guide to Alien Etiquette" (the copy-protection of Star Control): Orz, Pkunk, Slylandro, Supox, Thraddash (as "Thrddash"), Utwig, and Zoq-Fot-Pik.

The name Androsynth is taken from the Greek "andros" ("man") and "synthetic" from Greek "syn" ("together") and "thesis" ("put"), or as the Star Control II manual says it "fake men". Their appearance is inspired by the visual style of the band Devo.1

The pink triangle on the suits of the Androsynth in SuperMelee is a gay symbol.2

The Star Control 2 manual describes the Chenjesu as being "a bit more equal" than the other Alliance races, which is a reference to a similar statement found in Animal Farm by George Orwell.

The Dnyarri's toad-like appearance and psychic compulsion ability are reminiscent of mind-controlling "V-frogs" from the Isaac Asimov story Lucky Starr and the Oceans of Venus.

The name Druuge is pronounced almost exactly like the ancient Persian word "druj" - a term of Zoroastrian religion that is very roughly translated as "daeva (demon) of lies". Since the Druuge are proven liars and resemble the daevas, which are described as "beings with combined human and animal characteristics," this may have been an influence.

The Ilwrath were named after a friend of the creators named McIlwraith.

The name Melnorme is a reference to jazz singer Mel Tormé.

The Mycon is taken from the Greek prefix "myc-" or "myco-", which means Fungus.

The Orz and the disappearance of the Androsynth were influenced by H. P. Lovecraft's writings, specifically Lovecraft's "From Beyond" which describes malignant entities in an alternate dimension that perceive those who peer into their dimension and that leave no bodies of those they attack.

Utricularia, as in Supox Utricularia, is a genus of carnivorous plants more commonly known as Bladderwort.

The Shofixti are inspired by the historical Japanese culture. "Kyabetsu", the name of the former Shofixti homeworld, is the transliteration of "cabbage" into Japanese writing. The tiny main gun of their Scout ships is called the Mendokusai Energy Dart; "Mendoukusai" in Japanese means "irritating; bothersome."

Spathi is "Sword" in Greek. It is possible that the name is meant to be very ironical, because the Spathi are so cowardly. Also, the rumours of the Black Spathi Squadron might be a reference to the Black Sheep Squadron from World War 2.

The Syreen are based on the Sirens from classical mythology. They were sea nymphs who would use enchanting song to lure ships onto the cliffs. The name for their original homeworld, Syra may also be a reference to Cleopatra I Syra, an Egyptian queen.

The Ur-Quan Kohr-Ah's Eternal Doctrine might be inspired by the objective of the githyanki (from Dungeons & Dragons) to exterminate every other race who could possibly enslave them again. Also similar to the bifurcation the Ur-Quan race, a faction (the githzerai) opposed such a course of action and split with the githyanki.

The Yehat are inspired in part by the Scottish clans; the uplift of the Shofixti is inspired by David Brin's Uplift series.

The split between the Pkunk and the Yehat may be based in the split between the Vulcanians and the Romulans in Star Trek, with the Pkunk fleeing like the Romulans did (however, for opposite reasons).

Larry Niven influences[edit]

A number of aliens draw some of their inspiration from Niven's Known Space novels. Fred and Paul have openly admitted in a 1998 IRC chat to being influenced by these novels.2

  • The Dnyarri are very similar in description, powers, and history to the Thrintun race, "a long-extinct species which ruled the galaxy through telepathic mind control." Like the Grogs, the Talking Pets are devolved forms of a once-great race.
  • The Precursors are also slightly similar to the Thrintun who likewise left behind relics to be used by the modern-day characters in Niven's novels and who were given a vague moniker, "Slavers", by later races since their real name was unknown.
  • Though not physiologically, the Spathi resemble less advanced versions of the cowardly Pierson's Puppeteers.
  • The Arilou, in their speculated capacity as genetic manipulators of humanity, are also similar to the Puppeteers.
  • The Melnorme, like the Outsiders, are traveling merchants who trade in information and will answer any question for the right price.
  • The Shofixti are similar in appearance and warlike tendencies to the kzin.

Starflight influences[edit]

The creators of Star Control and Star Control II worked in the making of the Starflight games as well, and numerous SC elements are inspired from the SF universe:

  • Gameplay elements
    • Exploration in the Starflight games also had three parts: planet (with a landing vehicle that could stun lifeforms and collect minerals), interplanetary and hyperspace (with portals leading to planetary systems).
    • A starbase fulfilled a similar role to the Earth Starbase in Star Control II — elements appearing in both SC2 and SF are hiring crew, installing modules, receiving notices and analyzing artifacts.
    • In the Starflight games there were also a number of artifacts (though some of them were bought instead of found), including an "Uhl weapon" performing a function similar to the Utwig Bomb — the neutralization of the final boss in the game; even more resembling the Utwig Bomb, in the first Starflight there existed artifacts of the Phlegmak, a long-disappeared species, named "Black Egg Bombs", capable of destroying entire planets.
    • The useless Wimbli's Trident and Glowing Rod resemble some similar, useless "alien curiosities" from the Starflight games.
  • Several lines in Star Control II are clear puns on lines from Starflight and Starflight II. Notably, the quirky speech patterns of the Orz seem based on those of Starflight's Veloxi (Greg Johnson, one of the Starflight developers, was the one who fleshed out the Orz dialogue).
  • Starflight's Crystal Planet, built by the Ancients to cleanse the galaxy of Endurium-using life-forms by flaring their suns, seems an influence for both the Sa-Matra and the Eternal Doctrine (or the Path of Now and Forever).
  • The name Arilou Lalee'lay may originate from the Starflight II race name Aeoruiiaeo.
  • In terms of external morphology, the Umgah resemble the Spemin (both SF games).
    • The cowardly Spemin might have also been an influence for the design of the Spathi.
  • Psychologically and in terms of general appearance, the Utwig resemble the Dweenle (SF2).
  • The VUX appear to be influenced by the Lieu Vadish.
  • The ceremonious religion of the Tandelou (SF2), the belief that their rituals are of essential importance for the Universe, and their worship of the Most Valuable Thing, might have been an influence for the design of the Utwig. Also, it is necessary to return the Most Valuable Thing to the Tandelou to convince them to cooperate, similar to returning the Ultron to the Utwig.
    • Some elements of the Tandelou religion (cosmic alignments, portents and omens) are similar to parts of Pkunk culture.
  • The Tandelou's appearance is somewhat similar to the Ur-Quan too, three big eyes (although the Tandelou lack the three additional small eyes), four tentacles and a worm-like body. The Ur-Quan also somewhat resemble the Ng-Kher-Arla in appearance.
  • In terms of external morphology and psychology (empathy), the Supox greatly resemble the Elowan (SF1).
  • Hayes' theory about the Mmrnmhrm being colonizing robots resembles the fact that the Mechan of SF1 were robots built with the purpose of colonizing planets in advance for the Noah project.
  • Physically, the Mycon resemble the Nathracch (SF2). In terms of behavior, they resemble the Gazurtoid (both SF games), which also could be said perhaps for the Kohr-Ah (whereas the Gazurtoids wish to exterminate every race except fellow waterbreathers, the Kohr-Ah wish to exterminate any race but fellow Ur-Quan)
  • Psychologically and culturally the Thraddash resemble the G'Nunk (SF2); in addition, in order to make friends with both species it is necessary to kill many of them.
    • Another similarity between the G'Nunk and the Thraddash is the worship of an artifact, the Most Valuable Thing and the Aqua Helix respectively, which is kept in a temple on one of the race's worlds and can be stolen by the player over the course of the game.
    • Some Thraddash given names are also reminiscent of "G'Nunk", such as Znonk and Gnusko.
  • The Zoq-Fot-Pik also were likely influenced by the G'Nunk, as the G'Nunk are also a collective of three species.
  • The Melnorme are possibly also inspired from the Humna Humna, the merchant race in Starflight II.
  • "Interstar" in "Interstar Credits" is probably inspired from the name of the space organization of the people of Arth, Interstel.
  • The G'Nunk's deity G'Naen Sh'Gar (She/It who hunts) has some similarities to the Ilwraths Dogar and Kazon.
  • The Orz and the Uhl also have some similarities, as the Uhl is also an extradimensional lifeform. Uhl also has some similarities with the Dnyarri as it is capable of mental compulsion.

Dialogue[edit]

The default name of The Captain, Zelnick, may come from Strauss Zelnick, the CEO of Crystal Dynamics at the time when 3DO version of Star Control II was being made. The producer of the 3DO version of Star Control II was Crystal Dynamics.

Arilou[edit]

The Arilou's final line "Be seeing you..." may be a reference to the TV series The Prisoner.

Druuge[edit]

The 'Dribble-Down' effect through which the Crimson Corporation seeks to improve the Druuge quality of life is a play on Trickle-down economics.

Ilwrath[edit]

One of the gods that the Ilwrath used to worship was called "Awk of Seds", a reference to the text processing programs awk and sed.

Captain Satellite, which the Ilwrath confess to have watched on Channel 44 prior to Dogar and Kazon's transmissions, was a show on KTVU-2 in Oakland, California.

Dogar is at one point refered to as "The Dark Beast With A Thousand Young". This is a play on Lovecraft's ancient deity Shub-Niggurath, who is known as "The Black Goat of the Woods with a Thousand Young".

Melnorme[edit]

The Melnorme line "This very morning, I was just saying to subordinate Ochre `Fe-Fi-Fo-Fum! I smell the feet of a Hu-Hu-Man!'" refers to the fairy tale Jack and the Beanstalk, where an ogre (a flesh-eating giant) speaks the line "Fee-fi-fo-fum, I smell the blood of an Englishman.". The similarity between the subordinate's name "Ochre" and "ogre" is probably not a coincidence either.

The phrase "itchy pods" from the Melnorme line "I had itchy pods this morning, Captain, and here you are!" may come from the wives' tale of "itchy palms" that predict wealth. It may have also been influenced, consciously or unconsciously, by Dr. Seuss' book "On Beyond Zebra", which introduces the letter "ITCH" with the line "And 'way, 'way past Z is a letter called ITCH. And the ITCH is for Itch-a-pods, animals which [...]".

Mycon[edit]

The Mycon phrase "The Juffo-Wup is strong in this place." (without the definite article in the DOS version) is a variation on the Star Wars phrase "The Force is strong in this place."

The Mycon's dialogue "You humans improve a tool and double your capabilities. We Mycon improve ourselves and increase a thousand-fold" may be a reference to one of Khan's speeches in Star Trek: The Original Series Season 1 Episode 22, "Space Seed": "Improve a mechanical device, and you may double productivity. But improve man, and you gain a thousand-fold".

Pkunk[edit]

The Captain's remark to the Pkunk "Hey! Bird-brains! Got any fruit loops? Har-har-har!" refers to a brand of breakfast cereal called Froot Loops, which features a toucan resembling the Pkunk as its mascot.

Another Captain's remark, "We are on a five year mission, to seek out new life and new civilizations to boldly go where no... (...)" refers to the mission of the Enterprise in Star Trek.

The Pkunk say that they insult their foes to keep from "wrapping around" to evil; this is a programmer's joke about the nature of integers under the C programming language (and many others.) If you increase a number past its maximum (for example, 127 in an 8-bit integer) it suddenly becomes negative (-128, in this example).

The Pkunk mention channeling a ancient warrior called Rumdumdaddy, which is likely a reference to Ramtha, an ancient Lemurian warrior that JZ Knight claims to channel.

Many Pkunk dialog is a play on Far East/New Age philosophies. The Pkunk's observation that everyone in their past lives were famous, rich or interesting, and that hence other people don't reincarnate makes fun of the readings of so-called psychic mediums, who generally try to inspire faith by telling people what they want to hear. Along these same lines, The Captain mentions a Ouija Board, another common element of some New Age philosophies, when dissuading the Pkunk from returning to the Yehat.

A Pkunk greeting, "Auspicious portents and serendipitous omens have foretold your arrival", resembles a Tandelou greeting from Starflight 2, "Mysterious signs and ambiguous portents have foretold your arrival".

Shofixti[edit]

Tanaka's opening comments, "you killed my father, my mother, my many brothers, all six of my sisters - in fact, my entire species! Prepare to die," may pay homage to the movie The Princess Bride, in which the character Inigo Montoya has prepared a similar comment for when he confronts his father's murderer, Count Rugen.

Slylandro[edit]

When you choose the aggressive lines to speak towards the Slylandro Probes, the third time you get the response "ENACTING THIRD LAW." before combat is initiated. This refers to Isaac Asimov's Three Laws of Robotics. The third law says "A robot must protect its own existence, as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.".

The Slylandro explain that the Probes were programmed "to seek out new life and new civilizations... to boldly go where no catalog item 2418-B... Remote Self-Replicating Robot Explorer Probe had gone before", a reference to Star Trek.

Spathi[edit]

When the Spathi Safe Ones ask the player for the Secret Spathi Cypher, one of the incorrect options is "Wagh-nagl Fthagn", which spelled a little bit differently ("Wgah'nagl Fhtagn") comes from "Ph'nglui mglw'nafh Cthulhu R'lyeh wgah'nagl fhtagn!", a liturgical phrase in H. P. Lovecraft's Cthulhu mythos.

One of the other options for the Spathi Cypher, "Gort, merenga!" comes from the movie "The Day the Earth Stood Still".

Starbase[edit]

When The Captain gets to choose the name for the new alliance, one of his options is "The United Federation of Worlds", a reference to the United Federation of Planets from Star Trek. Starbase Commander Hayes will reply to this choice by saying "we will make it so", another reference to Star Trek, where captain Jean-Luc Picard would frequently order to "make it so".

Commander Hayes mentions early on that the Ur-Quan annihilated Buenos Aires. This is most likely a reference to Robert Heinlein's novel Starship Troopers, where the alien race humanity is fighting against similarly destroy Argentina's capital.

Commander Hayes also mentions that when the Ur-Quan destroyed much of mankind's history, they also destroyed several places without any known value. These places likely correspond to locations in popular fiction and mythology. They are:

  • "kilometer of land in central Iraq" - possibly the biblical Babel, The Nameless City from the works of H. P. Lovecraft, or Iram of the Pillars
  • "several targets in the Amazon rain forest" - possibly El Dorado or simply just other undiscovered city centers in the Amazon jungle
  • "something deep under the surface [of the Antarctic icecap]" - possibly a reference to the alien city discovered in H. P. Lovecraft's At the Mountains of Madness
  • "broad swath of the ocean floor in the south-eastern Atlantic" - possibly Atlantis, or possibly the south Pacific, underwater city of R'lyeh where Cthulhu rests.

The idea of a "psychon" present in Commander Hayes' statement that when an electric current is fed into the Taalo Shield "all evidence of psychon interaction is flatlined" possibly originates from Sir John Eccles' theory, presented in his book "How the Self Controls Its Brain". Psychons were also a currency in one of Paul Reiche III's earlier games, Mail Order Monsters.

The Roadside Picnic might be the inspiration for the 'Empties'. In the novel they are one of the common alien artifacts found in the Zones. In the game they are a Precursor artifact that Commander Hayes mentions in relation to the Ultron.

The 'Singing Hoops', another Precursor artifact that Hayes mentions in relation to the Ultron, may have been inspired by the "talking rings" from the 1960 film, The Time Machine, that when spun retold the "last recorded voice of civilized man".

Utwig[edit]

When the Utwig are trying to tell you what to do with the Precursor Bomb, at one point they say that the "Bomb must be...Hugged?" This is likely a reference to the movie Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb.

One of the ways that the Utwig determined that the Ultron could have been saved was by cushioning the fall with a fuzzy wumpus. A Wumpus is a mysterious monster from the famous, early computer game Hunt the Wumpus.

When describing the Kohr-Ah, the Utwig say that their stated purpose is "to seek out new life and new civilizations...and then annihilate them," a clear play on the mission statement of the Starship Enterprise of Star Trek fame.

The Utwig parting phrase "May the Ultron be with you!" is a variation on the Star Wars phrase "May the Force be with you."

The Chief Groo's name may originate from Groo the Wanderer's name.

The phrase "even the High Proctor gambols" in the Utwig outtakes may be a reference to Procter & Gamble, an American consumer goods corporation.

VUX[edit]

The description of the constellation that is described as "the snake-like creature who has swallowed the elephantine beast" in the DOS version ("the long, thin creature who has swallowed the huge beast." in the 3DO version and UQM) is a reference to the children's book Le Petit Prince by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, which describes and shows an image of a boa constrictor digesting an elephant.

The VUX say that Captain Rand's Insult fixed their attitude setting at "ABHOR", which may be a reference to Professor Zorg's Guide to Alien Etiquette from Star Control 1, where the player was to select the correct attitude for a given situation; one of the answers was "ABHOR", again in all caps.

Yehat[edit]

"Cheep-Guava", the name of the head of the Yehat revolution, is a pun on "Che Guevara", the Cuban revolutionary leader.

Zoq-Fot-Pik[edit]

When first meeting the Zoq-Fot-Pik at their homeworld, they warn you not to try stealing their atmosphere, a reference to Spaceballs.

The coordinates "...ziggerfau-gerrrnuf, Ah-ah, Pahoy-hoy" of the Zoq-Fot-Pik homeworld given in their initial encounter refers to Hawaiian words for two types of lava flows, "Aa" and "Pahoehoe".

At one point, the Zoq claims its species has psychic powers. The Pik scoffs at this claim, mentioning several apparently failed attempts at psychic demonstrations such as fixing broken chronometers and bending dorfs, eventually calling the Zoq a faker. This conversation is likely a reference to Uri Geller, who also claimed to use mental powers to make stopped watches start and to bend spoons.

Other[edit]

The Mosquito Mange is mentioned in the Androsynth computer records immediately prior to their disappearance. It is a reference to the term found in Roadside Picnic referring to graviconcentrates - areas of heightened and directed gravity.

Deep radar or deep-radar, mentioned by Commander Hayes and the Star Control II manual, p. 39 (PC), is likely a reference to the homologous device from Larry Niven's Known Space universe. In addition, the deep-radar from Star Control can apparently penetrate massive bodies (just like Niven's one), as it is used to detect mineral deposits.

Ship Captains[edit]

Numerous ship captain names are actually references.

Androsynth[edit]

  • 1040-EZ is a common tax return form in the United States.
  • 976-KILL is probably meant as an American phone number. It may also refer to the movie 976-EVIL. The "976" prefix is reserved for pay services.
  • AK-47 is the famous Avtomat Kalashnikova assault rifle
  • BHS-79 (just a wild guess here- is this the initials of one of the high schools they attended, and their graduation date?)
  • BIM-XT is an anagram for the IBM XT personal computer from the early 1980s
  • BOOJI-1 is a possible reference to the character Booji Boy from the band Devo.
  • CRC-16 is a 16 bits "Cyclic redundancy check (an error-detecting checksum).
  • DORN-3 may be a reference to artist John Alfred Dorn III, who did several illustrations for the novels of Stanisław Lem. It could also be a reference to actor Michael Dorn, who played Lt. Worf on Star Trek: The Next Generation.
  • DOS-1.0 is a reference to one or all of the various early disk operating systems (PC-DOS, MS-DOS, Apple DOS, etc).
  • HAL-2001 is a reference to the HAL 9000 computer from Arthur C. Clarke's and Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey
  • JOR-15 might be a reference to Jor-El, superman's biological father in the DC comics universe.
  • KORB-7B might refer to Lawrence Korb, a former US Secretary of Defense heavily involved in military security. May also refer to Roger Corby, an android from the original Star Trek episode What Are Little Girls Made Of?
  • ME-262 is a reference to the Messerschmitt Me-262, the first operational jet powered aircraft.
  • NECRO-99 may be a reference to the robot NECRON-99 from the movie Wizards.
  • SR-71 is a reference to the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, an advanced reconnaissance aircraft.
  • XR4-TI was a car model manufactured by the short-lived Merkur brand.

Druuge[edit]

  • Moola is a play on "moolah", an English slang word for money.
  • Duulard could be a play on "dullard," which is slang for a boring person.
  • All Druuge names have doubled vowels.

Human[edit]

Ilwrath[edit]

  • Gorgon is a famous Greek mythological creature, of which Medusa was one.
  • Kalgon might refer to Calgon, a cleansing product. It may also refer to the villain of the notoriously bad 1988 film Space Mutiny.
  • Taragon likely refers to the spice tarragon
  • Baylor is a university in Waco, Texas. It may instead refer to Balor, a giant king with an evil eye from Irish mythology.

Kohr-Ah[edit]

  • All of the captain names are Death followed by a prime number.

Mycon[edit]

  • Znuff could be a reference to the 1984 rock group Enuff Z'nuff.
  • Spork is an eating utensil, a hybrid of a spoon and a fork.

Pkunk[edit]

Shofixti[edit]

  • Bonsai! is actually the Japanese art of pruning trees, but is most likely a reference to the cry Banzai.
  • Busu is a Japanese word for ugly
  • Chimchim most likely refers to the pet chimpanzee in Speed Racer.
  • Daikon is a giant, white radish popular in Japanese cooking.
  • Gaijin is a disparaging Japanese term for foreigner.
  • Genjiro is possibly a reference to the character Genjiro Tani, a mentor to Skyrider and Kamen Rider Super-1 in the Japanese Kamen Rider series.
  • Ginzu is probably the Ginsu knife.
  • Hiyata is a reference to the title character of the Japanese show Ultraman, where it can also be spelled "Hayata".
  • Ichiban is the Japanese word for the number 1, or first
  • Kimba refers to the main character in the Japanese animation Kimba, the White Lion.
  • Katana is a Japanese sword.
  • Kudzu is an Asian plant that can be found in southern Japan.
  • Naninani is Japanese for "such and such"
  • Sushi is Japanese for seasoned rice, usually associated with raw fish.
  • Tanaka is a fairly common Japanese surname and may also be a reference to the creator of the Godzilla series, Tomoyuki Tanaka.
  • Tofu is bean curd, popular in Japanese cooking.
  • Tora-3 refers to the radio call announcing the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Tora! Tora! Tora!
  • Wasabe is a Japanese condiment, usually spelled wasabi.

Spathi[edit]

  • Jinkeze is a reference to the catchphrase of Velma Dinkley, a main character in the Scooby-Doo cartoons, which she says when she is scared or surprised.

Supox[edit]

  • Crinoid is a reference to the Krynoids, hostile sentient plants in the Doctor Who episode The Seeds of Doom. In real life crinoids are animals of the phylum Echinodermata whose name literally means "lily-like".
  • Trifid is a reference to the carnivorous, mobile (and possibly intelligent) plants in The Day of the Triffids.
  • All of the other captain names are parts or types of plants.

Syreen[edit]

Umgah[edit]

Ur-Quan[edit]

  • While all captain's names are Lord followed by a number, Lord 666 is notable as a reference to the Number of the Beast. There is no known pattern to their numbers, unlike the Kohr-Ah.
  • Paul Reiche III said the following about the race's name: "They're an old alien race, so let's use the word Ur, which means old in some ancient language, and Quan, just 'cause it sounds cool".[1] He was likely referring to the German prefix ur-, which means "original, primordial".

Utwig[edit]

  • Endo might refer to a slang word for marijuana. In Japanese, this is also type of pea.
  • Manny might refer to the main character in Robert A. Heinlein's book The Moon Is A Harsh Mistress.
  • Nestor might refer to the NS-2, a robot model in Asimov's "Little Lost Robot" that can, by inaction, allow a human to be harmed. It is also an actual human name of Greek origin.
  • Jujuby might be an alternate spelling of 'Jujube', which is the fruit of a certain tree, also known as the "Chinese Date".

VUX[edit]

  • PIF is a file extension used in early versions of Microsoft Windows.
  • VIP is an acronym meaning "very important person".
  • YUK likely comes from the work "yuck" -- an appropriate name, given the VUX's appearance.
  • ZIT likely comes from the skin blemish of the same name.
  • NRF may refer to the toy gun brand Nerf.

Yehat[edit]

  • Beep-eep could refer to the token sound made by the Road Runner in various Looney Tunes animations and products.
  • All the rest of their captains' names simply change the first letter.

Zoq-Fot-Pik[edit]

Ship Designs[edit]

Star and constellation names[edit]

According to the HyperSpace starmap, the names for the HyperSpace stars and constellations were taken from "traditional astronomical designations." These are the in-game star and constellation names that don't directly correspond to real life astronomical designations. Others such as Lalande and Wolf, while not the name of actual constellations, appear to be derived from astronomical designations.

  • Almagest is a reference to the Almagest, an astronomical treatise written by Claudius Ptolemaius and describing his geocentric theory.
  • Arianni may be a reference to the "inner earth people" with the same name mentioned in a purported missing diary of Admiral Byrd. Alternative origins may be Arianna Reiche (Paul Reiche III's daughter), the Ariane rockets, which were the primary launch vehicle of the European Space Agency in the latter portion of the 20th century, the planet Ariannus from the original Star Trek, the Arianist religious doctrine, the Arian/Aryan (Proto-Indo-European) people or the ancient Greek historian Arrian.
  • Brahe is a reference to Tycho Brahe, the famous Danish astronomer of the 16th century.
  • Cerenkov is a reference to Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, a Soviet physicist and Nobel laureate.
  • Chandrasekhar is a reference to the Indian-American astrophysicist Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, famous for his work on stellar evolution and black holes.
  • Copernicus is a reference Nicolaus Copernicus, the polish astronomer who proposed the sun was the center of the solar system.
  • Gorno is a possible reference to the Gorn, a race in Star Trek.
  • Hyginus is a reference to the attributed author of Poeticon astronomicon.
  • Hyperion is a reference to the main setting of Dan Simmons' Hyperion Cantos; in turn, the denomination is taken from the name of the mythological Titan Hyperion.
  • Illuminati is a reference to a variety of conspiracy theories, especially those of the Bavarian Illuminati.
  • Kepler is a reference to Johannes Kepler who discovered the three laws of planetary motion.
  • Klystron is a reference to a kind of vacuum tube used in early radar systems.
  • Lalande is a reference to the french astronomer Jérôme Lalande.
  • Lentilis is probably a reference to the Lentili from David Brin's short story Sshhh ....
  • Lipi is possibly a misspelling of "Lupus", an existing constellation.
  • Maksutov is likely a reference to the Maksutov telescope invented by the Russian optician Dimtri Maksutov.
  • Mersenne is a reference to Marin Mersenne a Minim friar who lived in France from 1588-1648 and was a major founder of number theory.
  • Metis is a moon of Jupiter, and correspondingly a character in Greek mythology.
  • Olber is likely a reference to Heinrich Wilhelm Olbers, a German astronomer.
  • Organon is likely a reference to either Francis Bacon's book The New Organon or Aristotle's Organon, after which Bacon's book was named. Alternatively it could be a reference to Organia, an important location in Star Trek, or to the Organa family in the Star Wars universe.
  • Ptolemae is a reference to Claudius Ptolemaius, an ancient astronomer whose Geocentric views Copernicus replaced.
  • Raynet is possibly a misspelling of "Rayet", an existing astronomical designation. It could also be a reference to British amateur radio network RAYNET.
  • Saurus is possibly a reference to Eden Phillpotts novel Saurus. It is also similar to the Greek word for "reptile".
  • Squidi
  • Vitalis
  • Wolf is a possible reference to the german astronomer Max Wolf.
  • Zeeman is possibly a reference to the physicist Pieter Zeeman for whom a crater on the moon is named.

Other[edit]

  • The name and appearance of most bio types found on planets originate in some way from real (living or not) things. The less obvious ones are listed below:
    • Roto-Dendron is likely a portmanteau of "roto" and "rhododendron" (the name of a real plant).
    • Macrocilla is probably a misspelling of "macrocilia", i.e. macroscopic cilia.
    • In Splort Wort, "splort" is an onomatopoeia for the shooting of a liquid, and "wort" is old English for "herb".
    • The Bug-Eyed Bait resembles a worm, and indeed, worms are used as bait in fishing. Also, the large eyes of the creature justify the epithet "bug-eyed".
  • The Pkunk Fury tactic of rotating while firing in all directions is refered to in the Star Control II manual as Death Blossom; this term originates from the movie The Last Starfighter where it is used to describe a similar manoeuvre.
  • Shiva Furnaces were probably named after the Hindu God of Destruction Shiva.
  • Hellbore Cannons are a reference to Keith Laumer's Bolos or perhaps the weapons used by the Hydrans in the game Star Fleet Battles.
  • Star Control II shares a few plot elements with C. C. MacApp's "Recall Not Earth", such as a defeated Earth, a unique giant starship in the hands of a human captain, and the quest for a race's last females.

Notes and references[edit]

1From part two of Matt Barton's video interview with Paul Reiche III and Fred Ford:
In general, we would create a ship through illustrations, and usually through paper illustrations, and then implement powers that made sense for it and that were cool and then afterwards, we'd sort of backwards think about "Now, who's flying this ship?", you know, "This ship sort of has this odd, robotic kind of pop look to it, so maybe like someone who looks like Devo is flying it." And so the Androsynth evolved out of this strange like "Wouldn't it be cool if Devo was flying spaceships.".
2Paul Reiche III explained the connection between the Androsynth and his own "friendships with openly gay folks" in an email exchange with a fan.
3From the 1998 IRC chat with Toys for Bob (Fwiffo is both Fred Ford and Paul Reiche III here):
<Manta> Fwiffo: Has anyone ever brought up parallels between Babylon 5 and Star Control?
<Fwiffo> Babylon 5 causes a certain amount of stomping around the office screaming.
<Fwiffo> Babylon 5 steals from us. We steal from known space.
<Fwiffo> And Larry in known space steals from others.

See Also[edit]